Because it remains one of the third leading causes of death among adolescents around the world, suicide is a major public health concern. This study, published today in the journal Personality and Individual Differences, was designed in response to this concern by examining the relationships among perceived stress, emotional intelligence, and suicidal ideation and to test the moderating role of emotional intelligence in the relationship between perceived stress and suicidal ideation. A sample of depressed adolescents (n = 202) was recruited from five hospitals in Tehran, Iran, and then asked to complete measures of patient health, suicidal ideation, perceived stress, and emotional intelligence. Structural Equation Modeling showed that depressed adolescent in-patients with high levels of perceived stress and low levels of emotional intelligence were more likely to report suicidal ideation. Multi-group analysis indicated that depressed in-patients high in both perceived stress and emotional intelligence had less suicidal ideation than others. The findings support the notion that perceived stress acts as a vulnerability factor that increase suicidal ideation among depressed inpatients. Suicidal history moderated the relationship between emotional intelligence and suicidal ideation. These findings also highlight the importance of emotional intelligence as a buffer in the relationship between perceived stress and suicidal ideation.
Read the full paper:
Abdollahi, A., Carlbring, P., Khanbani, M., & Ghahfarokhi, S. A. (2016). Emotional intelligence moderates perceived stress and suicidal ideation among depressed adolescent inpatients. Personality and Individual Differences, 102, 223-228. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.07.015